A Lack of Flair

by Midnight Freemason Guest Contributor
Lady Cori Johnson

"Your'e just not wearing enough flair."
From the movie "Office Space"
Let me just say I think there should be more flair for a Mason's Lady. My husband has a whole lot of it. Any time he travels to another lodge or goes down to Grand Lodge sessions, he comes home with more and more pins. He's got regular Square and Compass ones, he has Forget-Me-Nots, he has lodge-specific pins that have been designed with great care and thought. Many of them are displayed in a handsome glass case, hung in his office so every visitor there can see. Some are always affixed to his work shirts, letting others know he is a Mason. Or maybe it's a reminder to himself when he looks in the mirror. Either way, it's effective.
 I have a small pin that is attached to a ribbon on my purse. It's a red enamel heart that has the square and compass in the middle and "MASON'S LADY" above it. I've been trying for a long time to get an enamel heart decal for my car that says just that, "Mason's Lady". It's such an honor to be a member of this wonderful and loving family where, no matter where you are, you're welcome. It would be the only "advertisement" I have on my vehicle, aside from the make of it. I removed any trace of car dealership that was on it.
 I'm aware that there is slipper decal but what I'm looking for is the heart. It shows that my heart belongs to someone that cherishes faith, hope and charity and above all, FAMILY. That badge of honor. I'm determined to find it. And when I do, I want to get one for all of my fellow Ladies and we'll display them with pride.

~Lady CLJ

Lady Cori Johnson is the wife of Brother Robert Johnson. They have been married for 13 years and have three incredible sons together. She has worked behind the scenes for all of Robert's ventures whether it be editing, brain storming and now, a bit of writing. From time to time she runs the Johnson Masonic Hotel, giving Masons a place to sleep (a nice hide-a-bed with a TV in their living room) while in town.

The Inner Circle of Masonry - The Great Half Truth of an Order Within an Order

by Midnight Freemason Contributor
Bro. Robert H. Johnson 32°

I have heard it a million times and you have too. In fact, you may have spread these same stories. "Freemasonry is an organization that has an inner circle, an elite status within the order. If you don't know about it, you're just not high enough in the order." The educated will do their research and present quotes from great Masonic authors and scholars whose writings are revered and studied both inside and outside the craft which seem to back up the aforementioned claims. And the not so educated tends to repost these claims on social media, blogs and forums. Below are some examples and explanations.

Albert G. Mackey 33
Example number one, from Albert Mackey, 33rd Degree Mason and author of the "Encyclopaedia of Freemasonry", 1873; "Visible Masonry: In a circular published March 18, 1775, by the Grand Orient of France,  reference is made to two divisions of the Order, namely, Visible and Invisible Masonry ... by 'Invisible Masonry' they denoted that a body of intelligent and virtuous Masons who, irrespective of any connection with dogmatic authorities, constituted a 'Mysterious and Invisible Society of the True Sons of Light', who, scattered over the two hemispheres, were engaged, with one heart and soul in doing everything for the glory of the Great Architect and for the good of their fellow-men."

Before we get started on the issue of the statement, let's look at Albert G. Mackey. Albert was born in a time when spiritualism was grasping at the world. Information was starting to become free flowing, especially in America. No longer did religious dogma choke off all independent thought. He was a doctor and he eventually abandoned medicine to study languages and the like. He began to research Freemasonry, becoming a member of the Fraternity in 1841 when he was 34 years old. He mastered several languages and enjoyed the study of the Talmud and Kabbalism. He was much inclined to study the Medieval period as well. 

On to the statement. The first and foremost problem with this is that the Grand Orient of France is an unrecognized brand of the Fraternity (today). To those who do not understand this, here is the quick breakdown: It is agreed that Masonry has indeed existed from a time before we have recorded records however in 1717 a bunch of  "Grand Lodges" decided to work together and formed the first United Grand Lodge. This was done as a way to have some quality control and streamline the fraternity among other things. When a new lodge wants to start, it needs a charter to do so. All Grand Lodges in the world who are "recognized" have a charter that has some root to the original 1717 pact and the formation of  the United Grand Lodge of England or, the UGLE. 

If a lodge doesn't have this charter, it is deemed irregular and spurious. They are not teaching the degree systems in the manner which is consistent throughout the rest of the Fraternity. Such is the case of The Grand Orient of France ( In Mackey's time it may have been a recognized). Today, they are considered spurious. An interesting fact: Ben Franklin was a member of this Orient and because of this, he was expelled from the Fraternity and was NOT granted a Masonic funeral service. (There is more to this story and it's super interesting. We will talk about it in a future blog post.)

So, whatever the Grand Orient is doing, is not necessarily the practice of any "regular" Masonic body. Regular, meaning recognized and legal. To say it as a matter of fact, the statement has nothing to do with (Regular) Freemasonry which is practiced throughout the world today.
Manly Palmer Hall 33

Example two, "Freemasonry is a fraternity within a fraternity -- an outer organization concealing an inner brotherhood of the elect ... it is necessary to establish the existence of these two separate and yet interdependent orders, the one visible and the other invisible. The visible society is a splendid camaraderie of 'free and accepted' men enjoined to devote themselves to ethical, educational, fraternal, patriotic, and humanitarian concerns. The invisible society is a secret and most August [defined as 'of majestic dignity, grandeur'] fraternity whose members are dedicated to the service of a mysterious arcannum arcandrum [defined as 'a secret, a mystery']." [Hall, Lectures on Ancient Philosophy, p. 433]

So as before, let's look at who said this; Manly P. HallHall was an extremely interesting individual. He was one of the folks who did things in a bit of a different order. Most men I know, join the Fraternity and then after a number of years find themselves wholly immersed in the study of occultism, that is, the study of the secret arts. (This does NOT mean anything Satanic, it merely means things that perhaps Plato or Aristotle studied, perhaps things like the beauty of the "Golden Ratio", etc.) Not Manly P. Hall. Hall was a deeply influential spiritualist and occultist before he became a Mason. He was born in 1901, almost the pinnacle of the spiritual revolution of society. Men like Milton Pottenger (another amazing Masonic scholar) had just written Symbology (1905 and extremely rare), a book to which many Masonic intellectuals of the day had plagiarized, including Hall . Hall became a Freemason in 1954. At this point he had already written books like The Secret Teachings of All AgesFreemasonry of the Ancient Egyptians (1937), and Masonic Orders of Fraternity, all before being a member of our Craft.

To the claims of the quote, this example is a better example and has more truth than you might think. The "Visible Society" Hall speaks of is absolutely true and is a necessary organization in order to open the mind of an initiate. This is where the Masonic Fraternity ends, in a sense. Due to the esoteric nature of the degrees, some men decide to further study what they went through. Many lodges today are putting an emphasis on Masonic education which has been somewhat lost in the many years preceding. So in those times, AMD chapters and Lodges of Research were formed. AMD is Allied Masonic Degrees and are styled as chapters which are by invitation only and are limited to 27 members. This is a society within a society, is it not? Only the scholar is invited, only those of higher mind. This is because the AMD has a mission which is to preserve  certain other degrees (degrees which are no longer "Worked" except in the AMD), education and the study of our Craft and its mysteries. Members are required (usually) to write papers on all sorts of Masonic topics.

There are in fact, even more organizations within our Fraternity which are invitation only as well Consider the Honorary 33rd degree (A degree for those in the utmost administration) within the AASR [Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite]. Other organizations that exist within the Fraternity which study the "mysterious arcannum arcandrum" are groups of Masons who start independent clubs and form ceremonies which are again, unrecognized. Then of course there are Masons who are 33rd degree and have started other spin off groups for esoteric study which are only open to other 33rd degree Brothers. This is a reality and why I say "The Great Half Truth". There is no regulation stating that a group of people can't start a study group which consists of members who all share something in common like AMD or 33rd degree. What they decide to study together is their business. The study of the "mysterious arcannum arcandrum" can be any number of things. It is whatever the people decide is their great truth.

An original styled Tarot Deck

One final thing to consider in all this, is the biography of the gentlemen quoted. Both Hall and Mackey lived in times where the spiritual revolution was happening. The Terot, Fortune Tellers, Magick, Occult Studies and Reincarnation were all very popular. Groups like The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn were started by Freemasons. Mackey himself was rumored to have been a member of the Golden Dawn. Curious that his book was called "The Encyclopedia of Freemasonry AND ITS KINDRED SCIENCES". This title implies a study of the occult, and if you read it, you will see it. Another group which counts Freemasons among its members is the OTO or the Ordo Templi Orientis, which sometimes gets a bad rap because of its association with Aleister Crowley. It is no surprise that Masons like Manly P. Hall and Mackey were interested in these things. They had a personal view that Freemasonry whereas the blue lodge (The three degrees) is considered but a waiting room of sorts for members until they find out there are other groups within the craft that give them what they joined for, which is in most cases is the exoteric and esoteric discourses. It is a sign of the times. The age of Aquarius, the spiritual revolution. I would challenge anyone who still doesn't understand this to find a true member of the Fraternity living today, that is, a "Regular and Recognized" Brother of the craft, who has written a book and has the same claims which Hall and Mackey claim, and that are not saying the same thing I am saying here.

Today, there are several groups to which I and my Masonic friends are members. I myself am a member of two different scholar groups; The 1st NE District Scholars Club and the Reebis Research Society. I am a member of the AMD as well. I am also a member of some other study groups which are Masonic only in membership requirement. I have friends who are members of the Golden Dawn, the OTO, the Memphis Mizraim Rite of masonry (unrecognized). The list goes on and on. 

In conclusion, to say that Freemasonry is an organization within an organization is only partially true. To become a Freemason is to take and complete your three craft degrees and that is it. Plain and simple. That said, there are organizations which crop up and are as numerous as the grains of sand in the world whose membership requirements include membership in the Masonic Fraternity. That by itself does not make those organizations Masonic, only that it values the tenets of the Fraternity and that they believe it is a good starting point. 


Bro. Robert Johnson, 32° is the Managing Editor of the Midnight Freemasons blog. He is a Freemason out of the First North-East District of Illinois. He belongs to Waukegan Lodge No. 78. He is also a member of the York Rite bodies Royal Arch, Cryptic Council, Knights Templar, AMD, The Illinois Lodge of Research and a member of the Scottish Rite Valley of Chicago as well as a charter member of the Society of King Solomon, a charity organization run by the Grand Lodge of Illinois. Brother Johnson currently produces and hosts a weekly Podcast (internet radio program) Whence Came You? which focuses on topics relating to Freemasonry. In addition, he produces video shorts focusing on driving interest in the Fraternity and writes original Masonic papers from time to time. He is a husband and father of three. He works full time in the safety industry and is also a photographer on the side as well as an avid home brewer. He is currently working on a book of Masonic essays.

Everything Good In My Life, I Owe To Freemasonry

by Midnight Freemason Contributor
Bro. Brian Schimian

For as long as I can remember, my life has been intertwined with Freemasonry.  It has instilled the greatest of values in me and even shown me the secret to life.  And when you finally see the “secret” for what it is, it really isn’t a secret.  As in the Craft, everything is hidden in plain sight.  You just need to follow the educational path into enlightenment to know what in fact you are looking at and how it relates to what you are looking for.

I am not saying that I went looking for the secret of life.  Not consciously, anyways.  Throughout my life I have tried to follow the lessons that have been imparted upon me by the Brethren and through the rituals of this great thing of ours.  I have taken to heart the lessons that we learn on our journey into the light and have made every attempt to use the working tools in an effort to refine my ashlar into the perfect building block for life.

I have to say, that after what seems like a lifetime, of learning and researching, I have learned more than I ever thought was possible.  But it wasn't until I had to do a project for a class I was taking that things fell into place.  I had to basically write a paper that psychoanalyzed myself.  It was then that I began to see the “big picture” of the life that I have led, to this point anyway.  What I came away with, besides the vast array of things that I am somewhat good at, is that I have literally led a life that has been blessed at every turn.  Masonry was brought into my life when I was 8 years old by virtue of my father.  I strove to be like him and all the great men I met.  My father was a public servant and Masonry certainly drove those qualities home in a major way at my core.  I was given the abilities that made my career as a Firefighter/Paramedic easy and God granted me the humility to see it as the most rewarding career possible.  Even though I have since had to retire do to a Line of Duty Injury, I came away with 4 of the greatest friends, true family, that a person could possibly hope for.  Kurt & Jen have been there for me when I was on the bottom and lifted me up.  There is nothing I wouldn’t do for them or their family.  Then there is RJ & Cori.  I may have met them through a Public Service avenue, but wouldn’t you know it, I found a Brother too.  If it wasn’t for them, I wouldn’t be writing. 

The knowledge of what a true Master’s Wage is will blow you away when you finally earn it.  There isn’t much more in this world that can make you feel apart of something more important than life itself.  One thing that happened was finally finding what it means to live a life with complete Peace.  I had learned to have complete tolerance and acceptance along with unconditional love.  Even in the midst of having every level of trust destroyed, I was living a life of peace nonetheless.

Taking a step back in time a bit, I met a young lady that I fell madly in love with 20 years ago while I was in DeMolay and she was in Job's.  I know, I was 16, what did I know...  Well, that is the point, I didn't.  The first time I saw her I felt this connection that was just uncanny.  If there ever was a definition of "Soul Mate", we were it for each other.  As I look back over my 36 years, the one singular regret that I have had, was letting her go.  I was moving with my parents and I let her go.  I could have figured something else out, but I just let go.  I have been looking for her ever since.  Not "stalker" looking, but searching, just to know how she was doing.  No luck for 20 years.  Life happened and here I am.  Wiser and worn out from these recent tribulations.  Yet I still had the perspective of leading a very blessed life in complete peace… with one regret.

I never would have imagined what happened next.  I got a friend request on Facebook from her.  We have been talking nonstop ever since.  20 years of silence feels like it was just 20 minutes and we have picked up right where we left off.  And the most amazing thing, neither one of us stopped loving the other.  If I was in a state of peace before, I have gone straight through tranquility and landed in serenity.  It is just unbelievable to think that a few days ago I was sure that I would never find that level of love or trust again.  Then she walks back into my life.  Just unbelievable.  

I am determined to never repeat the same mistakes twice.  She deserves better than me, that much is for sure, but given the opportunity, I will do everything in my power to make up for the past 20 years.  I am down for whatever level of  “relationship” the Supreme Architect of the Universe deems me worthy of with this special person.  I am just so blessed to be able to talk to her again.  Anything beyond that will certainly be by the had of God and unmeasurable in my humility for receiving such a blessing.

So, looking back over 36 years, I have yet again been humbled.  Everything good in my life, I owe to Freemasonry.  I was given a glimpse into the eyes of an angel, even if just for a short time.  I saw that there is perfection in this world, and I was blown away.  Although at the time I didn’t know precisely what I was looking at.  I led a life of Public Service where I was able to help and do good for so many people.  I have meet so many great people that I am humbled to be able to call Brother, either by Masonry or Public Service.  I also received 4 of the greatest gifts in my life and no matter how hard I try, I doubt I will be able to repay everything these people have done for me over my lifetime.  There is just not enough room here to list what they have done for me or describe what they mean to me and my life.  But, aside from my kids, RJ & Cori and Kurt & Jen are my Family.  I would go to the ends of the Earth for Family.

I suppose a little bit of disbelief is there too.  How can one person be so blessed over their life?  Or, perhaps we all are that blessed.  We just need to be shown the way to enlightenment so that we can understand what is going on around us for what it is.  Divine Providence.  We are not in charge, but blessed with the opportunity to live this life.  If you can do so with happiness and love in your heart, you will not be disappointed.  You will see your blessings as they come, for what they are.  That is the secret to life, folks.  I have found it and am loving every second of my existence on a level that is just incomprehensible.

I must say, I would recommend this practice to everyone, but be warned for what you may find.  The truth is a powerful thing.

"Start Level, Finish Square."


Bro. Brian Schimian is Life of Member A.O. Fay #676 in Highland Park Illinois and the Medinah Shriners - Lake County Shrine Club. He was also the Past Master Counselor of DeMolay - Lakes Chapter in 1995. Most recently, Brian became a Companion of the York Rite, joining Waukegan Chapter #41 R.A.M. Brian is a father of two children. 

The Most Important Part.

 by Midnight Freemason Guest Contributor
Bro. Daniel "Doc" Gentry

The most important part of the journey, in the same as creating a building, is the foundation of the beginning. From the first time we come to lodge and eat with brothers as someone who is “on the threshold” to the day we are raised. This time, for all masons, is critical time for a foundation of Freemasonry. Amazing, this is the time that most people will choose to not come back to lodge and finish their degrees. So let us look at this for a moment and see if there is something that we can take away from this point to make the Journey of Freemasonry more productive, and prosperous.

Freemasonry is a personal journey, an internal journey of the heart mind and soul. I would dare to say that if you see no change in your life, except for paying dues yearly, than you truly miss the function of our great craft. I believe this happens because people forget that our great craft has many different facets, but none of them are taken alone. In fact, that is what we hear, and need to hear more often, that no one takes a step in Freemasonry alone. We find sometimes that Mentors or Intenders do not keep a constant open communication between themselves and their charge. Brothers are left with the notion that they are on their own in studying, and if they need any help just call. Though this will work with a few Brothers, we are not keeping our promise to each other. I am not talking about being annoying, but being available, and willing to learn that there is a two way communication amongst brothers.

When I was going through my degrees, I had an issue where I was not able to retain what I was trying to memorize. Recently out of the military, I had a few things creep up on me, and I became distraught. I did not want to waste my Mentors time, so I refrained from calling him, or anyone for that matter, for help. On the other side of things though, not many brothers made themselves available for me to call upon either. After I admitted that I was having issues, to the point where I asked for more time for my degrees and, how I would describe it, stepped out of line letting brothers that had gone after me, pass me up, so that I could spend more time memorizing. During this time, I truly felt alone, and I did not know what to do.

It would be a good idea to encourage each candidate, to keep a log of each Masonic experience, from the day they sing their petition until their raising. Then, after they have been raised for a year, have them make a presentation to the lodge of their experiences. Let them be honest, and make sure they feel that they are part of the lodge, because we are all just brothers on the level, and take their “problems” to heart. If you can fix it make sure that they are looked into, and make corrections where you can. Remember, the worst thing that we as Masons can do is act upon the old adage, because this is the way we always have done it.


Sister Amanda Gentry and her husband 
Brother Daniel “Doc” Gentry at their installation
for their OES Chapter.

Brother Daniel “Doc” Gentry, is a Brother Freemason from Antioch Sequoit Lodge #827, in the 1st NE District of Illinois. He is an active Brother and researcher on Masonic Subjects as well as serving as the Associate Patron in Chapter #570, Order of the Eastern Star, Millburn Illinois

Best Advice I Have If You Want To Be A Freemason

by Midnight Freemasons Contributor
Todd E. Creason, 33°

I attended a degree a couple weeks ago at a local Lodge, and one thing was pretty obvious to me from the beginning--the candidate knew what to expect.  I don't know if anyone else noticed or not, but I could tell.  And I've noticed it a time or two before.

It makes me sad when I see that.  In this day and age, it isn't hard to learn all the secrets of the Freemasons.  In fact, it never has been.  I read once that the all the secrets of the Freemasons have been known and published since about fifteen minutes after the Grand Lodge of England hung out their shingle in 1717.  That's not far from the truth.  And in this day and age, those secrets are readily available with a simple Google search.  I'm sure many candidates today, in the Age of Information, are unable to resist the tempation of satisfying their curiousity about what to expect prior to entering the Lodge for the first time.

It's a big mistake, and one you just can't undo.

Going through the degrees of Freemasonry is more than just going through the ritual--it's about the experience.  It's about going into an unknown situation, placing your faith in God, and your confidence and trust in men you may barely know at all.  It's difficult for many men to walk into a situation without knowing what to expect, but that's an important part of it.  Much of the impact of the ritual is experiencing it the first time.

The best advice I have for petitioners is to really think about it before you spoil the experience.  The best advice I have for those of you mentoring a new candidate is to talk about this.  Discourage them from ruining for themselves what is likely to be one of the most interesting and memorable events in their lifetime. 

I almost spoiled it for myself when I joined the Fraternity.  I was very nervous about the whole thing, and came very close to educating myself on the ritual in advance.  I'm very glad I didn't.  I was fortunate that somebody warned me about doing just that, and I was wise in listening to him.  I was told that if I was seeking light, then I should trust my Brothers to illuminate me in the manner in which it was intended.  It is something I'll never forget, and fortunately, I was able to overcome my nerves and walk into that Lodge without foreknowledge.  Knowing what to expect in those degrees would have ruined the impact of the experience itself. 

I mean seriously, who really enjoys the movie after they've already read the book?


Todd E. Creason, 33° is the founder of the Midnight Freemasons blog and continues to be a regular contributor. He is the author of several books and novels, including the Famous American Freemasons series. He is member of Homer Lodge No. 199, and a Past Master of Ogden Lodge No. 754 (IL). He is a member the Scottish Rite Valley of Danville, the York Rite Bodies of Champaign/Urbana (IL), the Ansar Shrine (IL), Eastern Illinois Council No. 356 Allied Masonic Degrees, and Charter President of the Illini High Twelve in Champaign-Urbana (IL). You can contact him at: webmaster@toddcreason.org

Tyler Pete And The Stairlift Chair

by Midnight Freemason Contributor
Bro. Steven L. Harrison 33°, FMLR

Based on a true incident and with many apologies to Brother Robert W. Service and a guy named Sam McGee...

There are strange things done in the Lodge, my son
By the Wardens and Stewards and such.
The kitchen crew has stories for you
That would make you lose your lunch.
The banquet nights have seen such fright
But the scariest night I swear
Was the Fourth of July when things went awry
And Tyler Pete crashed the stairlift chair.

Now that Tyler Pete he had two flat feet; he'd been there since time began.
No one cares when he went through the chairs, but he was Master way back when.
He moved around slow, yet gave it a go as the evening's chores accrued;
But he'd let you know with a tale of woe, "Dishes I don't want to do."

On the Fourth of July we had cake and pie and heaps of Masonic green beans.
The Lodge was well fed, "Too much food," they said, "have to take it home,  it seems."
They packed it all up on plates and in cups and sat it all by the door.
There were many loads to get on the road, all stacked from ceiling to floor.

Now that Tyler Pete with the two flat feet, was still as sharp as a tack.
"Oh, I know," he said, "with his arms outspread, we'll put it all in a stack.
And the stairlift chair will take it down there... It cannot fail, I swear.
In no time at all, we'll get to the hall at the bottom of the stairs."

So he packed it up, every plate and cup and balanced it without fear.
Then he hit the switch but a little glitch made the whole load buck and veer.
Well, the chair, it stopped, but the load atop, shot out like a cannon ball.
The whole pile of trash dropped down with a crash, a big hot mess of a fall.

At very bottom, there was a problem: it was our big plate glass door.
The big ball of goop, pie, cake, beans and soup exploded through with a roar;
And glass and our food on the street it spewed — cars crashed in slime and meringue.
The last crash was shrill, but then it was still. The mishap stunned the whole gang.

Now Old Tyler Pete said, "It's not defeat. There's a good side to it all.
It may be a mess, but really we're blessed. Let's try not to be appalled. 
It's really a boon, as you will see soon. The good side of this shines through.
I'm happy you see and soon you will be: the dishes we don't have to do."

There are strange things done in the Lodge, my son
By the Wardens and Stewards and such.
The kitchen crew has stories for you
That would make you lose your lunch.
The banquet nights have seen such fright
But the scariest night I swear
Was the Fourth of July when things went awry

And Tyler Pete crashed the stairlift chair.


Bro. Steve Harrison, 33°, is Past Master of Liberty Lodge #31, Liberty, Missouri. He is the editor of the Missouri Freemason magazine, author of the book Freemasonry Crosses the Mississippi, a Fellow of the Missouri Lodge of Research and also its Worshipful Master. He is a dual member of Kearney Lodge #311, St. Joseph Missouri Valley of the Scottish Rite, Liberty York Rite, Moila Shrine and a member and Past Dean of the DeMolay Legion of Honor. Brother Harrison is a regular contributor to the Midnight Freemasons blog as well as several other Masonic publications. His latest book, Freemasons: Tales From the Craft, will be released later this year.

Our Song is 200 Years Old

by Midnight Freemason Contributor
WB Greg G. Knott

There is nothing more moving than the playing of our National Anthem - The Star-Spangled Banner.  This song was written on September 14, 1814 by Brother Francis Scott Key.  Key was a member of Concordia Lodge No. 13 in Maryland.
Photo courtesy of The Smithsonian Institute

The United States was at war with Great Britain in the War of 1812.   The British had attacked Fort McHenry during the night and when daylight broke, Brother Key saw the large American flag still flying over Ft. McHenry that inspired him to pen the famous words in the form of poem.  The poem was later developed into lyrics that were set to a song written by John Stafford Smith of England.  
The flag that inspired these famous words now hangs in the National Museum of American History, a part of the Smithsonian Institute.  The flag was made by Mary Pickersgill (1776-1857) who was contracted to sew two flags for Fort McHenry.  The famous flag was a 30 x 42 foot garrison flag. 
Ft. McHenry (National Park Service)
I visited Ft. McHenry a few years back and it was awe inspiring to see the spot where this flag flew.  A replica of the flag still waves there today.
On March 3, 1931 President Herbert Hoover signed a law making the “The Star-Spangled Banner” was adopted as the national of the United States of America.
Of course we as Masons hold a special place for the flag in our lodges.  Every proper lodge meeting begins with reciting of the Pledge of Allegiance to flag of our country.   The next time you say this pledge think of Francis Scott Key seeing this magnificent symbol flying in the distance, representing that our country and more importantly our freedoms were still intact.  
Our song is 200 years old and may it inspire future generations for at least 200 years or more.

WB Gregory J. Knott is the Past Master of St. Joseph Lodge No. 970 in St. Joseph (IL) and a plural member of Ogden Lodge No. 754 (IL), Homer Lodge No. 199 (IL) and Naval Lodge No. 4 in Washington, DC.  He’s a member of the Scottish Rite, the York Rite, Eastern Star and is the Charter Secretary of the Illini High Twelve Club No. 768 in Champaign-Urbana.  He is also a member of ANSAR Shrine (IL) and the Eastern Illinois Council No. 356 Allied Masonic Degrees.  Greg serves on the Board of Directors of The Masonic Society and is a member of the Scottish Rite Research Society and The Philathes Society.  Greg is very involved in Boy Scouts—an Eagle Scout himself, he is a member of the National Association of Masonic Scouters. 

The Sovereigns of Industry

by Midnight Freemason Contributor
WB Gregory Knott

I found a small booklet recently entitled “Ritual of the Sovereigns of Industry”. This booklet had a ritual for initiation of persons who became members of the Sovereigns of Industry (SOI). But exactly who were the Sovereigns of Industry?

In my research I found that the group was founded in 1874 and was inspired by the The National Grange of Patrons of Husbandry and had its origins in Massachusetts when Dudley W. Adams, National Master of the Grange in 1873 asked his old friend William H. Earle to organize the Grange in Massachusetts.

There was a great deal of agriculture in Massachusetts, however the state was more heavily focused on industry and manufacturing. Earle saw the potential to create an organization to unite American Workers and formed the Sovereigns of Industry as a labor reform organization.

The SOI had a much different approach to solving problems than the labor unions that were forming about the same time. The SOI approach was described as cooperative instead of confrontational. They were in some aspects the forerunner of the modern cooperatives in bringing their collective purchasing power together. But as organized labor gained strength during this period, they did not like the means used by the Sovereigns of Industry. Instead of cooperation, the unions utilized the confrontational methods (i.e. labor strikes) as method to improve their working conditions.

Like the Grange at the time, The Sovereigns of Industry chose to become a secret society. They developed a ritual and a set of by-laws. The ritual was very short and could be conferred upon men or women of 16 years age or older. The obligation said in part:

“You do now, in the presence of this Council, solemnly affirm that your only motive in seeking to become a member of our Fraternity, is to aid in establishing those principles and measures of reforms proclaimed by the Order; that you will never unlawfully reveal any of the secrets of the Order; that you will, to the best of your ability, fulfill all the obligations which membership in the Order impose upon you; and that you will not print, write, or cause to be printed or written, any part of this Ritual, or any of the unwritten work of the Order…” (Ritual of the Sovereigns of Industry, 1874)

Unlike the Grange, The Sovereigns of Industry didn’t survive long. Their membership peaked at 27,984 in 19875 and they were out of existence by 1880.


WB Gregory J. Knott is the Past Master of St. Joseph Lodge No. 970 in St. Joseph (IL) and a plural member of Ogden Lodge No. 754 (IL), Homer Lodge No. 199 (IL) and Naval Lodge No. 4 in Washington, DC. He’s a member of the Scottish Rite, the York Rite, Eastern Star and is the Charter Secretary of the Illini High Twelve Club No. 768 in Champaign-Urbana. He is also a member of ANSAR Shrine (IL) and the Eastern Illinois Council No. 356 Allied Masonic Degrees. Greg serves on the Board of Directors of The Masonic Society and is a member of the Scottish Rite Research Society and The Philathes Society. Greg is very involved in Boy Scouts—an Eagle Scout himself, he is a member of the National Association of Masonic Scouters

Little Things Mean A Lot

by Midnight Freemason Contributor
Steven L. Harrison, 33°, FMLR

I'm a big fan of the Masonic Roundtable.  It's a weekly online videocast with five Brothers on a panel discussing a variety of Masonic topics.  Rather than have me spend a few paragraphs convincing you how great it is (which I could do), you can check it out yourself at http://www.themasonicroundtable.com/.  It's well worth the click.

The technological age we live in has brought us many gifts, not the least of which is the ability to produce and distribute programs like this without a large investment.  Just think about it — five guys with an idea and a few resources get together and in very short order have, in a manner of speaking, a national broadcasting network.  After many years in IT, stuff like this never ceases to amaze me.

Still, it's not free.  The Brothers all need the equipment and bandwidth to make it happen; and there are distribution costs, too.  So I sent them a donation.  In return they sent me a Masonic Roundtable lapel pin.  It's a really nice one and I wanted to show it off.  Not usually wearing something with lapels, I stuck it in my ball cap.

Fast forward a few days... I took my motorcycle in for maintenance.  My wife Carolyn picked me up and we left it in the shop overnight.  At home, I got my cap to show her the pin and — ACK!  The pin wasn't there.

When we returned to the dealership the first thing I did was to scour the bike’s storage area for the pin.  It wasn't there.  Phooey.  So, life goes on, and Carolyn and I took the motorcycle and went to lunch.  Afterward, I had a very hard time starting the bike, called and the service department told me to bring it back to check things out.

We rode back to the dealer and parked outside the service area door, right where I had parked when I went in for service the day before.  While I was talking to the manager, Carolyn happened to look down at a big crack in the pavement right behind the parked bike and saw something shining inside it.  She reached down, picked it up and... you guessed it... found herself holding my new pin.  The back was down there also.  We discovered the back had a very weak grip which caused the lapel pin to drop out.  At home I replaced the defective back with one of the myriad of extra pin backs I have and the pin is secure in its rightful place in my cap.

I wasn't happy when the motorcycle didn't start after lunch but if it had, I would never have found my pin.  If the pin hadn’t fallen in the crack, it could have been smashed by any one of the many motorcycles going in and out of the service garage.  A lot of things can go wrong in any given day but this is something that went right.  It won't change the world, but I'm glad I got it back.  Sometimes, little things mean a lot.


Bro. Steve Harrison, 33°, is Past Master of Liberty Lodge #31, Liberty, Missouri. He is the editor of the Missouri Freemason magazine, author of the book Freemasonry Crosses the Mississippi, a Fellow of the Missouri Lodge of Research and also its Worshipful Master. He is a dual member of Kearney Lodge #311, St. Joseph Missouri Valley of the Scottish Rite, Liberty York Rite, Moila Shrine and a member and Past Dean of the DeMolay Legion of Honor. Brother Harrison is a regular contributor to the Midnight Freemasons blog as well as several other Masonic publications. His latest book, Freemasons: Tales From the Craft, will be released later this year.

The Cup

by Midnight Freemason Guest Contributor
Bro. Jerry Henderson

Since I have been in the craft, I have seen people from all walks of life. The rich, the poor, the young, different races and religions. But, when it all comes down to it, we are all trying to do one thing, be better.

In my previous post, I mentioned as to how I came about in the craft, which was a lot of networking. Now, I compare brothers in the craft to cups. Some of you may question me as to why I use cups, but follow me and I assure you, it will all make sense.
In the Bible, Psalms 23 Verse 6 states, 

Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over” (KJV).

When the term cup was used, it was referring, in my opinion, to a man. Now, when we see a cup, we look at the outside and might like the way it looks. Some people like mugs, some people like glasses. But, the real thing we look at is the inside of the cup. Is the cup clean? Does it have a hole in the bottom? Things of that nature.  

Freemasonry is the same way. Instead of looking at the outer person, we look at the inside of the man. We don’t care about your tattoos, piercings or anything else of that nature. All we care about is if you are a good man of good morals who is trying to become better. So, if you are interested in becoming a Freemason or you are a Freemason, make sure you have a clean “cup”.


Bro. Jerry Henderson
is a member of St. James Lodge #114 a subordinate lodge of the MWPHGLNY. He is also a member of Abu Bekr Temple #91, A.E.A.O.N.M.S

Leadership in the Little Things

by Midnight Freemason Contributor
R.W.B. Michael H. Shirley

"No leader is worth his salt who won't set up chairs." –Peter Drucker

In my time as Leadership Development Chairman for the Grand Lodge of Illinois, I’ve collected hundreds of quotations about leadership, and last year I collected 366 of them in a book of meditations on servant leadership. Of those 366, Peter Drucker’s line about setting up chairs is one of my favorites. It makes a fundamental point about the nature of leadership, because leadership, at its core, is influence, and our influence, for good or ill, is based on our behavior. I saw an example of this principle in action not long ago.

I’ve taught at Eastern Illinois University for a while now, and have seen university presidents come and go. Our current president, Dr. William Perry, who is retiring at the end of this academic year, is my fourth. He’s a brilliant man, a mathematician and historian, possessed of a keen wit, a gentle manner, and a genuine concern for others. He’s a real leader, and something I saw the other day drove that point home.

I was stopped at a stoplight in front of Old Main the other day, and saw President Perry walk out of the building. He was about to turn left when he noticed a pop bottle on the sidewalk about thirty feet to his right. Reversing direction, he walked over, picked it up, and headed off toward his original destination, no doubt intending to deposit the bottle in a recycling bin. It didn’t take long, he didn’t know anyone was watching, and it wasn’t a big moment in his day. It was just something he did as a matter of course. But it said something important about his way of doing things that is important for Masons to consider: details matter, and getting them right is the job of everyone in the lodge. If you’re a leader, and President Perry certainly is one, you have to notice and take care of the little things.

The best leaders treat everyone with respect and kindness, especially those who are powerless before them. If we are leaders, we show up first, make sure everything is as it’s supposed to be, and do whatever is necessary. If the chairs aren’t set up, start setting them up, because leadership is doing what’s necessary for everyone to succeed, and no leader is too good for small tasks. That’s especially true for Masons. We meet on the level, as Brethren, from the youngest Entered Apprentice to the Worshipful Master who presides in the East; we are all Master Masons. Details matter, picking up trash matters, sweeping up matters. The Master of a lodge should be the first one to do the meanest work. Like Dr. Perry, he should go out of his way to pick up a pop bottle, because the thing we ignore is the standard we set. As we set out to adjust the rough ashlars in our lives with our working tools, we have to set the highest standard for ourselves. Our influence, our leadership, depends on the standards to which we hold ourselves. We won’t attain perfection, for that is beyond our reach, but if we stretch for it, we will grasp that much more. And maybe, just maybe, we will inspire others to reach a little farther, to go out of their way to give attention to a detail they might not have noticed otherwise, as President Perry inspired someone he didn’t know was watching to spend more time picking up trash. It’s what a leader does.


R.W.B. Michael H. Shirley serves the Grand Lodge of Illinois, A.F. & A.M, as Leadership Development Chairman and Assistant Area Deputy Grand Master of the Eastern Area. A Certified Lodge Instructor, he is a Past Master and Life Member of Tuscola Lodge No. 332 and a plural member of Island City Lodge No. 330, F & AM, in Minocqua, Wisconsin. He currently serves the Valley of Danville, AASR, as Most Wise Master of the George E. Burow Chapter of Rose Croix; he is also a member of the Illinois Lodge of Research, the York Rite, Eastern Illinois Council No. 356 Allied Masonic Degrees, Eastern Star, Illini High Twelve, and the Tall Cedars of Lebanon. The author of several articles on British history, he teaches at Eastern Illinois University.You can contact him at: m.h.shirley@gmail.com