Fans of Sherlock Holmes know that Sherlock Holmes' greatest enemy was the criminal genius Professor Moriarty. They battled to the death at the top of Reichenbach Falls in The Final Problem, which lead many to believe both men had perished over the side--however, Sherlock Holmes came back.
|Sir Arthur Conan Doyle|
Phoenix Lodge 257
Sherlock Holmes first appeared in two novels A Study in Scarlet, and The Sign of Four. They attracted some attention, but were hardly huge successes. It wasn't until Doyle decided to serialize the character of Sherlock Holmes in short stories that he began to see success. Unlike serialized novels, which turned many readers off because it was so easy to miss an installment, all of Doyle's stories were self-contained. If you missed one, it didn't matter. It wasn't long before readers were standing in line at newsstands to buy the most recent installment.
|Holmes and Moriarty battle at|
The newspapers wrote obituaries for the fictional character. Fans in London wore black armbands. Doyle received hate mail, and ever increasing offers from publishers for new Sherlock Holmes stories. But Doyle was determined, and for nine years, the famous detective remained dead. But his writing after he killed Doyle never rose the heights Doyle had believed it would. In 1902, Doyle brought the famous detective back when he wrote The Hound of the Baskervilles, but he made it clear that the story pre-dated Holmes' death. A year later, however, Doyle relented, and brought the detective back to life in The Adventure of the Empty House--seems that Holmes had faked his own death at Reichenbach Falls. Doyle wrote many more Sherlock Holmes stories until shortly before he died in 1930.
To the end, Doyle remained ambivalent towards his creation. "If I had never touched Holmes, who has tended to obscure my higher work, my position in literature would at the present moment be a more commanding one," he once said.